Background and elements in Fine Arts


Basically by nature, humans like beauty, and always admire the beauty and uniqueness that occurs around them and those in nature, both directly and indirectly. The uniqueness and beauty that evokes feelings of pleasure, happiness, sadness, and emotion. The series of explanations starting from the stage of ideas or embodiments to manifestations in art, all can not be separated from the results of observations and interactions with circumstances, as well as personal experiences. The desire to express this personal experience is expressed in painting, by observing various interesting aspects in daily life. This creation phase itself is like observation, maturation of ideas, preparation of tools and materials, and visualization. 2

The creation of this work of art was motivated by my own observations and experiences as a teenager, about the habit of gathering in the bedroom of one of my friends and exchanging stories. Female figures in feminine costumes are very interesting to me. After observing and imagining an object arises a stimulus/stimulus to me, then I catch a meaning on that object personally according to experience. Usually, my painting objects are objects or things that give rise to imagination, ideas or ideas that make me interested in creating a work of art. Furthermore, I express the imagination in the form of paintings.


The artwork is an artist’s soul needs, which functions as a cathartic, calming, and a means to explore the expression of the soul. In general, at the beginning of the process of creating works of art, artists touch with stimuli that are intentionally determined or accidentally touched. In contact with these stimuli occurs a picture of a form or a form of understanding in his thinking. The description or form of understanding is what is commonly called an idea or concept, which clearly illustrated the theme, style, material used, the techniques applied, the composition of the elements of art and the process of making his artwork. The form created can be derived from natural imitation, personal experience, or the circumstances that exist before the eyes of the painter. The concept of this painting is described as follows:

 1. Theme

Themes in fine arts mean something that makes the contents of creation, this is usually quoted from the world of reality but is depicted using art tools solely. In accordance with the above understanding, the understanding of themes is the ideas that underlie or that make the contents in the creation of a painting. So the theme intended is daily life which consists of motives of 3 human forms arranged in such a way as to become a theme. Motives, in this case, are forms that support a theme.

 2. Style

The creation of a work of art is a personal activity, where the painting is a reflection of the feelings, creativity, individuality or personality of the painter so that in this regard the art of the term personal style is known, as, that an artwork is an individual work and must reflect the individual. Related to the opinion above, this painting style also adheres to the individual artist’s own style or personal style which is based on the concept of Decorative style, where every detail of the drawing field is worked out perfectly and aims to decorate it as beautifully as possible. No part is more prominent or focused, because all have the same protrusion and with the same color intensity. In an effort to beautify every detail, the background is decorated with decorative shapes in accordance with the style of the painting.

3. Material

In expressing ideas, expertise is required in choosing suitable material, so that the ideas to be expressed are as planned, such as the opinion that between material and artists are always maintained in a kind of dialectical process that can vary with respect to different materials. Often in order to realize the true intentions, precise materials are needed.

This painting uses canvas materials measuring 60×70 cm and acrylic paint. The choice of material and media is based on the consideration that acrylic paint has a bright color and is easily applied to paper and canvas media.

 4. Technique

 The technique is a guideline for working with or without the assistance of tools by artists in processing various materials into a form of art.

The technique used in this painting is acrylic paint with an opaque technique such as paint being lightly brushed, but the resulting colors are covering the area, meaning that is placed on another color then the color being superimposed becomes invisible.

 5. Composition

In creating works of art, aspects of composition must be carefully calculated to get an arrangement that pays attention to the principles of composition, namely unity, harmony, balance, proportions and having a focal point that is the focal point of attention. The aspects that are composed in the creation of a work of art are called elements of art as described as follows.

a. Line

Lines are scratches and limits of an object, mass, space, color, etc., lines are a combination of parallel and equal points, have elongated dimensions and have a direction, can be short, long, smooth, 5 thick, wavy, curved, straight, etc. The dominant line as an element of art can be aligned with the role of color. The use of lines thoroughly and correctly can also form the impression of tone and feel textures such as volume.

b. Color

Color is the impression caused by light in the eye. Color is one of the most important parts of making a painting. Color can also be used not for shape but for the color itself, to express the possibilities of its beauty and to be used for psychological expressions of taste.

The colors used in the artwork, namely brown, red, yellow, green, purple, blue and mixed colors of several colors. The use of many colors is indeed a characteristic of painters who always want to use a variety of colors in each work, where the same color is not applied to adjacent objects.

c. Texture

The texture is the value of touch on an object’s surface, both real and pseudo .. Texture is the nature of the surface that is soft, smooth, soft or hard.) Texture is limited as a sense of the surface or depiction of surface properties.

Based on the above definition, the texture is able to enrich the value of a work of art by providing rhythm and dynamics on its surface aspects so that a work of art can be more interesting.

d. Room

 Space is a collection of several fields, a collection of dimensions consisting of length, width, and height; illusions created by the management of fields and lines, assisted by color (as a supporting element) that is able to create the illusion of light or shadow which encompasses perspective and 6 dark contrasts of light. So the notion of space here is related to the field and breadth.

6. The Process of Creating a Work

The process is first made a kind of painting design using a pencil. This stage aims to avoid mistakes when sweeping colors. After design with a pencil so then given the color as you wish by using acrylic paint that is diluted with water and then brushed on the object as a whole. First, the desired acrylic paint color is inserted into the pallet, then processed by mixing other colors according to the expected results and diluted with oil. In addition to using acrylic, painters also use oil paint.

Colors such as red, yellow, green, intensively used because it is a combination of harmonious colors and cool impression. The next process is the completion of every detail and ends by giving contours to each object using black acrylic paint. The contour here is intended to emphasize and sharpen the shape so that the difference between the object with the background becomes clear.