Rhythm and Blues Music: Overview

rhytm and blues

In the 70s, Philadelphia International (featuring The O’Jays, Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes, Jerry Bell, Archie Bell & The Drells and Billy Paul) and Hi Records (that includes Al Green, O. V. Wright and Ann Peebles) received R&B hits. In 1951, Little Richard Penniman began recording for RCA Records in the leap blues style of late 1940s stars Roy Brown and Billy Wright.

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His work on this decade put Atlantic on the forefront of soul music. Gerald Wexler was born in The Bronx, New York City, the son of a German Jewish father and a Polish Jewish mom; he grew up in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Upper Manhattan. Despite graduating from George Washington High School at age 15, he dropped out of the City College of New York after two semesters. In 1935, Wexler enrolled at what’s now Kansas State University, where he studied intermittently for several years. Following his service in the Army, Wexler grew to become a critical scholar, and he graduated from Kansas State with a B.A.

Chuck Willis was singing at block parties, dances, and expertise exhibits in Atlanta when he met Zenas Sears, who grew to become his supervisor. Willis had hits on each the R&B and pop charts from 1956 to 1958.

Although she admitted being unable to describe the way of singing she heard, Forten wrote that the songs “can’t be sung and not using a full heart and a troubled spirit”, circumstances which have impressed numerous blues songs. Soul music is a passionately expressive musical genre that focuses on universal themes and easy lyrics interwoven with jazzy rhythms, virtuosic vocals and bluesy instrumental backgrounds. Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines soul music as “characterized by intensity of feeling and earthiness.” Many of the world’s most famous vocal artists are soul singers and are appreciated in almost each country and tradition.

In the Nineteen Sixties and Nineteen Seventies, gospel and blues have been merged in soul blues music. Funk music of the Seventies was influenced by soul; funk can be seen as an antecedent of hip-hop and modern R&B. Other blues artists, corresponding to John Lee Hooker had influences in a roundabout way related to the Chicago type. John Lee Hooker’s blues is extra “private”, based on Hooker’s deep tough voice accompanied by a single electric guitar. Though in a roundabout way influenced by boogie woogie, his “groovy” fashion is sometimes known as “guitar boogie”.

This music just isn’t very far faraway from the sector hollers and work songs of the slaves and sharecroppers. Many of the earliest blues musicians integrated the blues into a wider repertoire that included conventional folks songs, vaudeville music, and minstrel tunes. The blues has deep roots in American history, particularly African-American history. The blues originated on Southern plantations within the nineteenth Century.

At All About Jazz, we don’t plan to delimit the blues too narrowly. Our reviews will touch on rootsy R&B and zydeco, as well as the extra traditional blues styles. Occasionally they teamed up with a number of fellow bluesmen to carry out within the plantation camps, rural juke joints, and rambling shacks of the Deep South. Blues bands may have developed from early jazz bands, gospel choirs and jug bands. Early jug bands variously featured jugs, guitars, mandolins, banjos, kazoos, stringed basses, harmonicas, fiddles, washboards and different everyday appliances transformed into crude devices.

A Brief History of the Blues

Smaller blues labels of this era included Vee-Jay Records and J.O.B. Records. During the early 1950s, the dominating Chicago labels were challenged by Sam Phillips’ Sun Records firm in Memphis, which recorded B.

He was a relentless presence on both R&B and pop charts by way of the social turmoil of the Nineteen Sixties and early Nineteen Seventies and achieved recognition not only as a performer but also as an emblem of black pride and self-sufficiency. Little Richard (Richard Penniman) advertises himself as “the originator, the emancipator, and the architect of rock and roll.” His declare, although boastful, is nicely warranted. Known for his ecstatic singing and pounding piano, the Macon-born performer released a sequence of wildly energetic records from 1955 to 1957, together with “Long Tall Sally,” “Rip It Up,” and “Tutti-Frutti,” that crossed over from the R&B chart to the pop chart.