Small carvings, for a mainly lay and often female market, became a considerable business in Paris and another centres. Types of ivories included small devotional polyptychs, single figures, particularly of the Virgin, mirror-instances, combs, and elaborate caskets with scenes from Romances, used as engagement presents. The very wealthy collected extravagantly elaborate jewelled and enamelled metalwork, both secular and spiritual, just like the Duc de Berry’s Holy Thorn Reliquary, until they ran wanting cash, after they had been melted down again for cash. Another revival of classical style is seen within the International Gothic work of Claus Sluter and his followers in Burgundy and Flanders around 1400. Late Gothic sculpture continued within the North, with a trend for very large wood sculpted altarpieces with increasingly virtuoso carving and large numbers agitated expressive figures; most surviving examples are in Germany, after much iconoclasm elsewhere.
Most Greek sculpture initially included no less than some colour; the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek Museum in Copenhagen, Denmark, has accomplished extensive research and recreation of the unique colors. From the traditional Near East, the over-life sized stone Urfa Man from trendy Turkey comes from about 9,000 BCE, and the ‘Ain Ghazal Statues from round 7200 and 6500 BCE. These are from modern Jordan, manufactured from lime plaster and reeds, and about half life-size; there are 15 statues, some with two heads facet by facet, and 15 busts. Small clay figures of individuals and animals are discovered at many websites across the Near East from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic, and … Read More